Saturday, 6 January 2018

Important Questions for CSE Mains

06 - Jan - 2018

Question - "Reconstruction of early Indian history is hardly possible without the help of  inscriptions and coins". Discuss. (200 Words)
"प्राचीन भारतीय इतिहास की पुनर्रचना अभिलेखों और मुद्राओं के बिना अधूरी  है" | चर्चा                                   कीजिये। (२०० शब्द )

 Answer -    Structure of answer:
They provide information about the political history of their times-

  • extent of empires eg Ashokan pillar inscriptions from Afghanistan to Karnataka 
  • Might and strength of rulers and the wars they won  eg Samudra gupta 's Prayag Prashasti
  • Rivalry of powerful kings eg aihole inscription describes how Pulkeshin defeated Harshwardhan
  • How Indian rulers countered foreign attacks eg Mandsaur inscription describes defeat of Huna king Mihirkul at the hands of Yashodharman.
  • Social welfare projects by kings Eg Rudradaman's junagarh inscriptions about repair of Sudarshan lake
  • Prevailing political and religious policies and ideologies Eg Dhamma policy of Ashoka revealed by his inscriptions.
Coins  :
  • Changing political equations eg Coins of Indo greek rulers , Kushans etc
  • Economic prosperity of empires eg Pure gold coins of Kushanas are testimony to their control over Silk route trade.
  • State patronage to religion and arts- eg Gupta coins depicting Goddess Lakshmi and Samudragupta playing veena
  • Royal donations for religious purposes- eg Queen Karuvaki's  inscriptions
  • Marital alliance of kings for peace and status upgradation eg Coins of Chandragupta depicting him and his wife.
  • Ruling tenure of kings 
They also inform about the social and economic history :
  • Use of Classic Languages like Sanskrit giving way to regional languages in inscriptions highlight the evolving regional cultures and diversities across India. 
  • Inform about social values prevalent in those times eg Religious tolerance during Ashokan times
  • Social evils eg evidence of sati in Eran inscription of 510 Ad
  • Presence of Roman coins from south India pinpoint towards  trade relations.
  • Decline in purity of Gold coins from Kushana to Gupta times inform about the downtrend in trade.
  • Gods and goddesses worshiped in those times.

RSTV Video Analysis

RSTV Video AnalysisScience Monitor(30.12.17)-


  • Vision - To harness space technology for national development while pursuing space science research and planetary explorations.

Thursday, 4 January 2018

Indian Constitution - Salient features

Characteristics of Indian Constitution -

Indian constitution is the finest example of twentieth century constitution that provides collective identity to its people.

Wednesday, 3 January 2018

Important Questions For CSE Mains

  • 25-DEC-2017
Question-  How Indian geographical setting framed Indian History?
Important questions

Answer - India is a country of diverse  geographical features ranging from lofty Himalayas to fertile plains, dense forests to vast desert and long coastline to valuable plateaus These features played a crucial role in shaping its History.

  1. While China had to build a 500 km long Great wall to guard against invasions,India had a natural wall of Himalayas to guard against attacks from north.
  2. Natural resources of less rainy western area were utilized first and large scale human settlements generally spread from West to East. Example - Aryans first settled in Punjab region and gradually moved towards east by clearing forests.
  3. India's vast network of rivers enabled  commerce and communication. Also they were  cradles of great civilizations like Harappan civilization.
    • Important towns like Hastinapur ,Prayag and Varanasi(most ancient city of the world) were situated on the banks of rivers.
    • They also provided political and cultural boundaries . Example - Kalinga was situated between Mahanadi and Godavari, Patliputra between Ganga and Son river etc.
      4. Indented coastline along states like Gujarat had several harbors and hence foreign trade was possible.
      5. India made remarkable progress in trade and commerce through a series of ports and harbors  on both east and western margins of coastline. Example - broach, tamrlipti etc. Also it was strategically located along ancient silk route of trade. Thus it virtually became dumping ground of gold.
  • However it also paved way for colonial rise in India(European powers came as traders via sea) during 18th century.Ultimately India became a British colony .
      6. Its mineral wealth especially iron led to rise of powerful kingdoms like Magadh which ultimately led to the establishment of the largest empire in history under The great Ashoka.
      7. The ranges of Vindhya and Satpura acted as a north south divide.This led to a development gap between north and south.Similarly north east also had a dense terrain .Slowly different regions developed their own cultures , traditions and  languages. Sangam and megalith culture in south and Urban culture in North.
      8. However not every region possessed all resources to keep life going. This lead to increase in  interconnectedness and hence a composite culture developed .

          Thus  geography had a great role to play in shaping its history.

Tuesday, 2 January 2018

Indian Constitution - Working

Constitution of IndiaWorking of Indian Constitution - 

22 Committees were formed - with 8 major  committees

  • Chairman - Jawaharlal Nehru-
  1. Union Powers Committee 
  2. Union Constitution Committee
  3. States Committee

Indian Constitution - Independence Act of 1947

Partition of 1947Indian Independence Act of 1947 -

The Indian Independence Act of 1947 is an act of the United Kingdom Parliament that partitioned British India into two new independent dominions of India and Pakistan.

Sunday, 31 December 2017

RSTV Video Analysis

Law Of The Land

RSTVThe Central Road Fund (Amendment) Bill,2017

Inland Waterways -

Inland Waterways is a network in the form of canals, rivers, backwaters that can be used for transportation in place of or in addition to roads and rails.

Saturday, 30 December 2017

Syllabus for CSE Mains

Paper I

Essay - 250 Marks -
To be written in the medium or language of the candidate's choice. Candidate is required to write an essay on a specific topic. The choice of subjects will be given. They are expected to keep their thoughts closely to the subject and arrange their ideas in orderly fashion and be concise. Credit will be given to effective and coherent expression.

Friday, 29 December 2017

Indian Constitution - Features of Objective Resolution 1946

Objective resolution was moved by Jawahar Lal Nehru on 13 December 1946.

Importance - It enshrined  constitutional values and aspirations and therefore it was the main source of Preamble (the introduction to constitution).

Thursday, 28 December 2017

Indian constitution - Meaning and Significance

What is Constitution ? 

  • Constitution means a document having a special legal sanctity , which sets out the framework and principal functions of government.
  • Constitution of a country gives idea about the basic structure of the political system under which its people are to be governed.

Wednesday, 27 December 2017

Indian Constitution - Historical underpinnings and Evolution.

Indian ConstitutionTimeline

  1. 1934 - The idea of constituent assembly was first proposed by M N Roy. 
  2. 1935 - Indian National Congress made official demand  for Constitutional Assembly.
  3. 1940 - The demand of assembly was  accepted by British government in August offer.
  4. 1946 - On November 1946, the assembly was finally Constituted.

Sunday, 24 December 2017



Uttarakhand (A) TELE HEALTH   (Current Issue)

  • Def- Use of telecoms and IT to provide clinical health care from a distance.

  • Features:

  1. Remote monitoring - e.g. Tele health BP monitor.
  2. Tele radiology - includes  Radio graphic images like X-Rays,CT, MRI from one location to another.It is most popular part of e-health.
  3. Very  Advanced - Tele surgery by robots.